The Digital Anthropology and Media Archaeology collection documents manifestos that call for innovation in digital archiving practices, political interventions in archiving new and old media, and new conceptual categories for thinking the function of old media in new contexts. As these archiving practices and conceptual categories are still emerging in the contemporary moment, these manifestos stand to function as the political and theoretical ground for an innovative discipline.


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Items in Collection

Name Description Tags

Resisting Reduction: A Manifesto, by Joichi Ito, 2017

Joichi Ito's Resisting Reduction: A Manifesto refuses infinite, exponential growth, computational absolutism, and techno-utopianism. Ito rather prefers participant design, or, "interconnected, complex, self-adaptive systems across scales and dimensions that are unknowable and largely inseparable from the observer and the designer." Design, Participant Design

Media Ecology: The Effects of Emergence, by Alex Ross & Patrick Collins, 2011

Alex Ross & Patrick Collins' "Media Ecology: The Effects of Emergence" argues that media compose a complex ecosystem. This ecosystem is in constant flux. At times, media allows us to 'think freely.' At other times, media are captured by institutional and corporate interest that obscure free thought. Media Ecology, New Media

The Cyborganic Manifesto, by Jenny Cool, 1995

In her "The Cyborganic Manifesto," Jenny Cool coarticulates the technological and organic capacities inherent to human life. Digital Anthropology


The authors of "Media Art Needs Global Networked Organisation & Support – International Declaration" advocate for the preservation of media art. It calls for the creation of international funding structures and institutional support to meet this growing need. Media Archaeology, Digital Preservation

The Digital Libraries Manifesto, by Gruppo di studio sulle biblioteche digitali, 2005

The authors of "The Digital Libraries Manifesto" describe what digital libraries are and how they work. Written prior to the broad adoption of Dublin Core Metadata Standards, this manifesto describes the structure, organization, and function of digital archives. Digital Literacy, Digital Preservation

IFLA/UNESCO Manifesto for Digital Libraries, 2014

The authors of the "IFLA/UNESCO Manifesto for Digital Libraries" advocate for the preservation of digital objects. They describe what qualifies as a digital library and who can produce one. Media Archaeology, Digital Preservation

Manifesto of the Obsolete: Photo/sculpture Project, by Sketchy Doodler, 2014

Manifesto of the Obsolete: Photo/sculpture Project By Sketchy Doodler Manifesto of the Obsolete Henceforth we will not go blindly into the dump. We will not be subjugated to the recycling bin or thrift store. We will sustain ourselves, and not let our young fall victim to your mediocre propagation practices. We will rise, and we will endure. PS: Be afraid, be very afraid, we are... Media Archaeology, Digital Aesthetics

On the Virtues of Preexisting Material, by Rick Prelinger, 2007

In his "On the Virtues of Preexisting Material," Rick Prelinger develops fourteen imperatives for documenting and archiving media. Focused on archives in particular, Prelinger underscores the notion that archives are defined by use, rather than simple preservation. Media Archaeology

Visualising Archaeologies: A Manifesto, by Andrew Cochrane & Ian Russell, 2007

In their coauthored "Visualising Archaeologies: A Manifesto," Andrew Cochrane and Ian Russell develop a method for transcending the linguistic and cultural barriers inherent to current practices of archaeology by embracing the visual. Not quite media archaeology, but not quite traditional archaeology, "Visualising Archaeologies: A Manifesto" is perhaps best understood as a bridge between a trad... Media Archaeology, Archaeology

Archaeological Manifesto, by Michael Shanks, 2013

While it is not concerned solely with the digital, Michael Shanks' "Archaeological Manifesto" rethinks the discipline of archaeology as a hybrid practice, spanning art historical, scientific, and digital academic modes of inquiry. Digital Archaeology

One Half A Manifesto, by John Lanier, 2000

In his One Half A Manifesto, John Lanier forwards six propositions, ultimately outlining a concept of cybernetic totalism. Perhaps most provocatively, Lanier claims that "people are no more than cybernetic patterns," producing a vision of the world in which humans are subject to computer processes at a biological level. Digital Anthropology, Cybernetics

The Slow Media Manifesto, by Benedikt Köhler, Sabria David, & Jörg Blumtritt, 2010

The authors of the "Slow Media Manifesto" champion a concentrated and mindful media landscape. Digital Anthropology, Slow Media

Archivist Manifesto, by Yuk Hui, 2013

Yuk Hui's "Archivist Manifesto" aims to politicize the archive and archival practices by rethinking the role and meaning of the archivist in digital culture. Further, Hui asks how we might re-conceptualize digital objects in relation to the evolution of the web. Media Archaeology, Media Archive

Dead Media Manifesto, by Bruce Sterling & Richard Kadrey

The authors of the "Dead Media Manifesto" declare the need for both an archive of outdated media and the reinvention of 'the book' to house it. In what is perhaps the first manifesto to call for what we now call 'media archaeology,' Bruce Sterling & Richard Kadrey identify the need to document, archive, and teach a general audience about our digital past. Media Archaeology, Dead Media

Five Principles of Zombie Media, by Garnet Hertz & Jussi Parikka

In their coauthored "Five Principles of Zombie Media," Garnet Hertz and Jussi Parikka call for the politicization of media archaeology and the opposition to planned obsolescence (i.e. e-waste). As it is ecologically oriented, this manifesto calls for a practice of media archaeology that reanimates 'out of date' media in new platforms, products, and aesthetic practices. Zombie Media, Media Archaeology

Digital Anthropophagy and the Anthropophagic Re-Manifesto for the Digital Age, by Vanessa Ramos-Velasquez

Vanessa Ramos-Velasquez's "Anthropophagic Re-Manifesto for the Digital Age" is an updated variation on the 1928 Manifesto Antropófago by Brazilian author Oswald de Andrade. By resituating Andrade's metaphor of colonialism as cannibalism, this manifesto advocates for new practices of consumption based on technological mediation. Digital Anthropology

A Manifesto for Digital Spectrology, by Jussi Parikka, 2011

In his "A Manifesto for Digital Spectrology," Jussi Parikka compels the reader to use obsolete technology as a lens to 'look inside the machine.' All media have an afterlife that informs present technologies. "A Manifesto for Digital Spectrology" mobilizes the afterlife of obsolete technologies toward a method for interpreting, analyzing, and archiving the software and hardware of the present. Zombie Media, Media Archaeology