This collection documents the formation of the hacker ethos, open access movement, and deregulation of digital information through the manifesto genre. These manifestos largely describe and define the values that hackers and digital communists strive to create and maintain, i.e. copy-left, decentralized Internet relations, anonymity, etc., rather than teach hacking skills or attempt to implement policy at the macro-political level.


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Items in Collection

Name Description Tags

Afrosurreal Manifesto, by D. Scot Miller, 2009

D. Scot Miller's manifesto argues that "excess as the only legitimate means of subversion, and hybridization as a form of disobedience" in his Afrosurreal Manifesto. His manifesto results in a contrarian and fluid concept of black life that manifests in a rococo aesthetic.

The AnarchoHacker Manifesto, 1999

The AnarchoHacker Manifesto outlines both an politics and ethos descriptive of anarchohacking. It advocates for knowledge's free dissemination across the web and beyond. Anarchohacking

The Hacktivismo Declaration, by Cult of the Dead Cow, 2001

The authors of "The Hacktivismo Declaration" oppose state-sponsored Internet censorship and proclaim the universal right to freedom of expression. Appealing to both the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Cult of the Dead Cow and HACTIVISMO propose to extend and maintain these rights to all people, across the globe. Hacking, Internet Access, Cult of the Dead Cow

Wages for Facebook, by Laurel Ptak, 2014

Laurel Ptak's "Wages for Facebook" is a Marxist-feminist manifesto that demands payment from Facebook for use. Playing off of Facebook's 'friending' use pattern, Ptak ultimately argues for the dissolution of all wages and the rediscovery of friendship as an anti-capitalist mode of relation. Digital Labor, Wages, Facebook

Happy Hacking 2015 Manifesto

The "Happy Hacking 2015 Manifesto" is a call to revive curiosity and collaboration online in 2015. The authors of the manifesto criticize world governments for criminalizing hacking while at the same time approriating their criminal status. #SailSafeMotherFuckers! Anonymous, Hacking

Manifesto: We Are FemTechNet

The "We Are FemTechNet" manifesto outlines the FemTech network's stance on cyberfeminism, feminist academic hacktivism, and feminist technologies. FemTechNet, Cyberfeminsim

The Telekommunist Manifesto, by Dmytri Kleiner

Dmytri Kleiner's "Telekommunist Manifesto" trades on Marx & Engels' Communist Manifesto, arguing that communist principles be adapted to meet the demands of a technologized world. Kleiner develops novel concepts like venture communism and copyfarleft to enact these communist principles in the present. Digital Communism, Copyleft, Copyfarleft, Venture Communism

WorkSpace Manifesto, by Pit Schultz & Geert Lovink, 1997

In their coauthored WorkSpace Manifesto, Pit Schultz and Geert Lovink theorize the novel capabilities of the 'digital manifesto,' surpassing analog iterations of the genre before it. Perhaps the Workspace Manifesto's most important contribution to contemporary political discourse is its claim that the digital manifesto is a fundamentally anarchic product, refusing absolute power beyond digital ... Digital Composition, Anti-Authoritarianism

Notes on Manifesto-ism, by John Hutnyk, 1997

John Hutnyk's "Notes on Manifesto-ism" draws parallels between Marx and Engels' Communist Manifesto and contemporary information environments like the Internet. Digital Composition, Digital Communication

The Piran Nettime Manifesto, 1997

Written in Slovenia and distributed via Nettime, the authors of the "The Piran Nettime Manifesto" call for an open Internet, declaring an information war against those that would profit from Internet technologies. Open Access, Anti-Capitalism, Open Source

We, the Web Kids, by Piotr Czerski, (translated by Marta Szreder), 2012

"We, the Web Kids" gives voice to the 'online' generation. Although it was written in Poland, it describes a generational ethos that extends to all those who were early adopters of the Internet. Anti-Capitalism, Open Source

The Anti-Web Manifesto 2.0, by Andrew Keen, 2007

In his "The Anti-Web Manifesto 2.0," Andrew Keen critiques digital utopianism by way of Frankfurt School critical theory. It concludes by focusing on four keywords inherent to digital utopianism, all of which should be critiqued and opposed: a) author b) audience c) community d) elitism. Critical Theory, Digital Utopianism

The Cyborganic Manifesto, by Jenny Cool, 1995

In her "The Cyborganic Manifesto," Jenny Cool coarticulates the technological and organic capacities inherent to human life. Digital Anthropology

The Public Domain Manifesto, by Members of COMMUNIA Working Group 6, 2010

The authors of "The Public Domain Manifesto" seek to limit copyright protection in favor of a public domain of free circulating and easy to access information. Open Access, Copyright

Manifesto of the Pirate Party of Germany, by The Pirate Party of Germany, 2012

The authors of the "Manifesto of the Pirate Party of Germany" attempt to maximize democratic participation by freeing digital spaces from both corporate and government foreclosure. Open Access, Open Source

Our Manifesto (Pirate Party of Canada), by Pirate Party of Canada, 2014

The authors of "Our Manifesto" work to define digital privacy as a human right. Further, they advocate for social change at the parliamentary level, compelling governments to create and maintain democratized digital spaces. Open Access, Open Source

The Pirate Party Manifesto, by The Pirate Party UK, 2012

"The Pirate Party Manifesto" is the UK's contribution to a worldwide political movement that theorizes the development of future civil liberties and rights as coextensive concerns in physical and digital worlds. "The Pirate Party Manifesto" is perhaps the most comprehensive of its kind. Open Access, Piracy, Open Source

Towards an Indie Tech Manifesto, by Aral Balkan, 2014

Aral Balkan's "Towards an Indie Tech Manifesto" advocates for open source and free software movements. Throughout the manifesto, Balkan calls for the creation of a new decentralized Internet that refuses monopolization by individuals or corporations, hence the term 'indie Tech.' Internet Freedom, Open Source

The Indie Web Manifesto, 1997

The author(s) of "The Indie Web Manifesto" describes the need for open source and open access movements to emerge at the time of the Internet's commercialization and corporatization. The creation of an 'Indie Web' is therefore the "a free vision of the world, [one that] bypasses the economic censorship of news, its confusion with advertising and infomercial, its reduction to a dazing and manipu... Open Access, Open Source

Ten Cosmist Convictions, by Giulio Prisco (Ben Goertzel), 2009

Part manifesto, part science fiction, Giulio Prisco, author of the "Ten Cosmist Convictions," describes ten future states of being in which humans and technology fully integrate toward the production of a more ethical world. An augmented version can be found here: Technocracy

The Mundane Afrofuturist Manifesto, by Martine Syms, 2013

In her "The Mundane Afrofuturist Manifesto," Martine Syms argues for and expresses a mode of world-building that opposes imperialism, capitalism, and white patriarchy. Situating her argument at the intersection of critical race theory, science and technology studies, and science fiction, Syms' "The Mundane Afrofuturist Manifesto" is novel intervention in digital aesthetics. Digital Aesthetics, Afrofuturism, Race

Don't Make Me Steal Digital Consumption Manifesto, 2011

On February3rd, 2011, twenty contributors created and signed the "Digital Consumption Manifesto" as part of a larger project: The Don't Make Me Steal Campaign. The manifesto itself demands open access to consumable digital media so as to limit, and ultimately eliminate, the prosecution of individuals who consume media in ways that don't directly benefit large corporations. Open Access, Piracy

The Libre Culture Manifesto, by David Berry, 2005

In his "The Libre Culture Manifesto," David Berry defends the open source ethos against the argument for intellectual property laws. Berry finds intellectual property to be a 'romantic vision' that is incompatible with the capitalist reality. Open Access

Free Culture Manifesto 1.0, 2004

The authors of the "Free Culture Manifesto" demand open access and the proliferation of copyleft online. In opposition to what it terms 'digital feudalism,' the authors develop the "Free Culture Manifesto" as part of a larger project to promote cultural heritage in the public domain. Open Access

A Response to the Tactical Media Manifesto: A Network of Castles, by Peter Lamborn Wilson, 1997

Peter Lamborn Wilson's response to the "ABC of Tactical Media" manifesto focuses on the Internet as a possible site of resistance to capital. By proposing a 'network of castles,' Wilson theorizes the production of autonomous digital spaces that might foment the tactical media ethic and aesthetic. Tactical Media

The ABC of Tactical Media, by David Garcia & Geert Lovink, 1997

In their coauthored "The ABC of Tactical Media," David Garcia & Geert Lovink define a nomadic and experimental use of visual and digital media technologies that champions a DIY (do-it-yourself) ethic. Further, as they stand opposed to the use and consumption of privatized media, David Garcia & Geert Lovink work to create a economy of media production that is not captured by capital and ... Tactical Media

The Piracy Manifesto, by Miltos Manetas, 2009

Milos Manetas' <em>The Piracy Manifesto</em> is simultaneously a call for open access and a call for fomenting new, digitally mediated, modes of relation. Internet Freedom, Piracy

The Digital Artisans Manifesto, by Richard Barbrook & Pit Schultz, 1997

In their coauthored "The Digital Artisans Manifesto," Richard Barbrook and Peter Schultz call for the creation of networked interaction and Internet freedom to transcend the borders of European nation-states and the growing presence of transnational capital. As digital artisans, the subjects of Barbrook and Schultz's manifesto are to create modes relation that increase expertise and autonomy. Open Access, Digital Communism


In his "THE::CYBER.COM/MUNIST:: MANIFESTO," Richard Barbrook champions a cyber-communism against the neo-liberalism. Further, Barbrook explains how ordinary everyday Net users can work against the exchange of commodities with what he calls the circulation of 'work-as-gifts'. Open Access, Cybercommunism, A Free European Internet

The dotCommunist Manifesto, by Eben Moglen, 2003

Written by Eben Moglen, the "dotCommunist Manifesto" adopts the style and political imperatives of Marx and Engel's Communist Manifesto, but adapts both for the politics of digital life. At the manifesto's conclusion, Moglen develops seven communist imperatives for the distribution of information online. Open Access

A Cypherpunk's Manifesto, by Eric Hughes, 1993

In his "Cypherpunk's Manifesto," Eric Hughes outlines arguments for anonymity and privacy online. He also advocates for the proliferation of cryptographic practices. Hacking, cyberpunk, cypherpunk

A Cyberpunk Manifesto, by Christian As. Kirtchev, Trans. Illian Botonov Malchev, 1997

In his "A Cyberpunk Manifesto," Christian As. Kirtchev simultaneously describes the cyberpunk subculture and offers an expression of its values. In developing a cyberpunk ethos, Kirtchev argues for open access, cryptography, and generalized anonymity on the Internet at a time when these concepts were just emerging as pertinent social concerns. Hacking, cyberpunk

Cyber Dada Manifesto, by The Cyberpunk Project, 2003

In what is perhaps a cultural bridge between hacking culture and media archaeology, the "Cyber Dada Manifesto" provokes its readers to fully integrate all forms of technology into their everyday life, bodies, and minds. Technology is understood here as the impetus for the creation of new cultures as well as the path to new forms of cultural hegemony. Hacking, Cyberpunk

The Hacker Manifesto 2.0, by Anonymous, 2011

The Hacker Manifesto 2.0 is a tribute to The Mentor and his Hacker Manifesto, produced by Anonymous. Anonymous, Hacking

A Hacker Manifesto [version 4.0], by McKenzie Wark, 2004

This is an amended version of McKenzie Wark's 2004 "A Hacker Manifesto." In addition providing a new vocabulary for understanding capitalist accumulation and exploitation in digital environments, Wark's manifesto defines hacking as a productive process: a process of bringing the virtual into the real. Hacking

The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto, by Timothy C. May, 1992

In his "The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto," Timothy C. May envisions a totally anonymous and decentralized Internet. Opposed to both the state and capital's hegemony over digital space, May calls for the appearance of the crypto anarchist--the anonymous and collective figure of the Internet revolution. Hacking, Anarchism, Cryptography

The Consciousness of a Hacker, by The Mentor, 1986

Written in 1986, "The Consciousness of a Hacker" is now a cornerstone of hacking culture. The manifesto declares the formation of a new, technologized world, and therefore the formation of a new subject within it. Hacking, Anarchism

Anonymous' Tribute to the Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto, 2013

This manifesto features a figure from Anonymous reading at a news desk with Aaron Swartz's "Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto" overlaid through an online voice generator. It is a tribute to Swartz and the open access movement. Aaron Swartz, SOPA, Anonymous

Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto, by Aaron Swartz, 2008

Written by Aaron Swarts in Eremo, Italy, in 2008, the "Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto" advocates for the liberation of academic research from private corporations. By declaring the formation of a 'open access movement,' Swartz outlines a number of possible avenues for accessing and sharing copy-righted information beyond the limitations of the companies that 'own' it. Aaron Swartz, SOPA