This collection documents historical and ongoing interventions against Internet repression and foreclosure for economic gain. PIPA refers to the Protect IP Act, first introduced on May 12th, 2011. SOPA refers to the Stop Online Piracy Act, introduced on October 26th, 2011. Both acts aimed to allow the US government to expand its ability to identify and prosecute copyright infringement. Net Neutrality refers to ongoing battles that would compel Internet service providers to treat all data on the Internet equally. All other manifestos concern themselves with questions of democracy at the level of the state, thus aligning them with manifestos written against PIPA, SOPA, and Net Neutrality.


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Items in Collection

Name Description Tags

Open Web Index Manifesto, by Prof. Dr. Dirk Lewandowski Hochschule

The "Open Web Index Manifesto" is a call to pluralize and reinvent the search engine across Europe. Prof. Dr. Dirk Lewandowski, the manifesto's author, argues for open access to information distributed across the web. Open Access, Big Data

The Gonzo Manifesto, by RageBoy®, 1997

In RageBoy®'s "Gonzo Manifesto," RageBoy® espouses a Hunter S. Thompson-like approach to the Internet called Gonzo Business Management. RageBoy®'s intent is to unsettle and disrupt the commodification of the Internet, as well as the social practices that make its commodification possible. Gonzo Business Management, RageBoy®

HotWired FAQ, 1994

"HotWired FAQ" functions as a manifesto for the HotWired platform. Distributed in 1994, HotWired envisioned an entirely new media experience the would facilitate novel forms of user interaction and limited commercial influence. Internet Access, HotWired Magazine

New Clues, by Doc Searls & David Weinberger, 2015

"New Clues" is a follow-up to the 1999 "Cluetrain Manifesto." Written by Doc Searls & David Weinberger, "New Clues" offers new categories to think Internet-based communication (the fools, the the marauders, & the horde) and supports a more creative and open Internet. Digital Markets

The Cluetrain Manifesto, by Christopher Locke, David Weinberger, Doc Searls, & Rick Levine, 1999

The authors of "The Cluetrain Manifesto" developed 95 theses to describe digital markets and call new these new markets into existence. Focused on communication between consumers and organizations, Christopher Locke, David Weinberger, Doc Searls, & Rick Levine claim that the Internet facilitates unprecedented human-to-human interaction. Digital Markets

eBlack Studies Manifesto, 2008

Sponsored by the African-American Studies Department @ the University of Illinois Urbana, the "eBlack Studies Manifesto" defines eBlack studies as "the ongoing application of current digital information technology towards the production, dissemination, and collection of historical knowledge critical to the discipline of Black Studies and to the overall black experience." The authors also outlin... Digital Preservation, eBlack Studies

GNU Manifesto, by Richard Stallman

Richard Stallman's "GNU Manifesto" outlines his desire to create a new computer operating system and disseminate it for free. Both an intervention in creative software design and open access, once GNU is acquired, users are entitled to four freedoms: "The freedom to run the program as you wish; the freedom to copy the program and give it away to your friends and co-workers; the freedom to chang... Open Access, GNU

The #TwitterEthics Manifesto, by Dorothy Kim & Eunsong Kim, 2014

Dorothy Kim & Eunsong Kim's "#TwitterEthics Manifesto" focuses on the representation of, interaction with, and abuse of women on social media, particularly Twitter. Functioning as a manifesto for both digital feminism and digital composition, Kim & Kim focus the "#TwitterEthics Manifesto" on rhetorical, ethical, and economic solutions to violence against women online. Digital Feminism, Social Media, Twitter

RiP: A Remix Manifesto, by Brett Gaylor, 2008

"Rip: A Remix Manifesto" is an open source documentary on issues of copyright. The documentary was written and directed by Brett Gaylor. Creative Commons, Copyright, Copyleft

The Onlife Manifesto, European Commission

"The Onlife Manifesto" is the European Commission's plan to redefine democratic relations and rights from a virtual standpoint by 2020. Internet Freedom, Digital Democracy

Data and Control--A Digital Manifesto, by Wolfgang Pietsch

This excerpt from Wolfgang Pietsch's "Data and Control--A Digital Manifesto" calls for the democratic supervision of 'big data.' Digital Democracy, Big Data

The Public Domain Manifesto, by Members of COMMUNIA Working Group 6, 2010

The authors of "The Public Domain Manifesto" seek to limit copyright protection in favor of a public domain of free circulating and easy to access information. Open Access, Copyright

Manifesto of the Pirate Party of Germany, by The Pirate Party of Germany, 2012

The authors of the "Manifesto of the Pirate Party of Germany" attempt to maximize democratic participation by freeing digital spaces from both corporate and government foreclosure. Open Access, Open Source

Our Manifesto (Pirate Party of Canada), by Pirate Party of Canada, 2014

The authors of "Our Manifesto" work to define digital privacy as a human right. Further, they advocate for social change at the parliamentary level, compelling governments to create and maintain democratized digital spaces. Open Access, Open Source

The Pirate Party Manifesto, by The Pirate Party UK, 2012

"The Pirate Party Manifesto" is the UK's contribution to a worldwide political movement that theorizes the development of future civil liberties and rights as coextensive concerns in physical and digital worlds. "The Pirate Party Manifesto" is perhaps the most comprehensive of its kind. Open Access, Piracy, Open Source

Manifesto Against SOPA/PIPA, by Alex Lindsay, 2012

Alex Lindsay's "Manifesto Against SOPA/PIPA" attempts to combat the corporatization and foreclosure of Internet freedom by establishing an 'Internet Protection Fund.' By functioning as a PAC (Political Action Committee), Lindsay's IPF would "use every legal means to attack those who would attack us." SOPA, PIPA, Net Neutrality

Internet Freedom Manifesto, by Bits of Freedom

The authors of the "Internet Freedom Manifesto" call for open access and anonymity for citizens of the Netherlands. Created in response to the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) by Bits of Freedom, the authors of the "Internet Freedom Manifesto" work to ensure a decentralized and user-driven Internet at a constitutional level. Cryptography, Open Access, Internet Freedom

Manifesto: In Defense of the Fundamental Rights on Internet (title appears as it is listed), 2009

Written by an anonymous group of Spanish Journalists, this manifesto stands opposed to Spanish laws restricting Internet freedom. Although the manifesto is tagged with term 'net neutrality' its authorship predates the popular use of the term. Open Access, Internet Freedom

The Piracy Manifesto, by Miltos Manetas, 2009

Milos Manetas' <em>The Piracy Manifesto</em> is simultaneously a call for open access and a call for fomenting new, digitally mediated, modes of relation. Internet Freedom, Piracy

A Proposal for Network Neutrality, by Tim Wu, 2003

In his "A Proposal for Network" Neutrality, Tim Wu identifies network regulatory problems stemming from the growing usages of home broadband. Wu proposes a network neutrality (or, non-discrimination) principle that would police network abuse by distinguishing between forbidden and necessary grounds of discrimination. This principle considers local network restrictions to be permissible, and int... Net Neutrality

The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto, by Timothy C. May, 1992

In his "The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto," Timothy C. May envisions a totally anonymous and decentralized Internet. Opposed to both the state and capital's hegemony over digital space, May calls for the appearance of the crypto anarchist--the anonymous and collective figure of the Internet revolution. Hacking, Anarchism, Cryptography

SOPA/PIPA Manifesto (TED Talk), by Clay Shirky, 2012

Clay Shirky's TED talk offers an overview of copyright issues and technologies that prefigure contemporary debates concerning SOPA, PIPA, and Net Neutrality. Shirky also offers legal responses to these acts of censorship. SOPA, PIPA

The Manifesto, by Xeno Phrenia, 2012

The author of "The Manifesto" argues for the dissolution of PIPA and SOPA while also advocating for the creation of more politically oriented Internet communities. In contrast to groups like Anonymous, the author of "The Manifesto" claims to resist Internet foreclosure within the boundaries of the law. SOPA

SOPA/PIPA Hacker Manifesto, by aZuZu, 2011

This manifesto is comprised of excerpts from "The Consciousness of a Hacker" manifesto. It is mobilized here as a response to PIPA and SOPA. SOPA

Anonymous' Tribute to the Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto, 2013

This manifesto features a figure from Anonymous reading at a news desk with Aaron Swartz's "Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto" overlaid through an online voice generator. It is a tribute to Swartz and the open access movement. Aaron Swartz, SOPA, Anonymous

Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto, by Aaron Swartz, 2008

Written by Aaron Swarts in Eremo, Italy, in 2008, the "Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto" advocates for the liberation of academic research from private corporations. By declaring the formation of a 'open access movement,' Swartz outlines a number of possible avenues for accessing and sharing copy-righted information beyond the limitations of the companies that 'own' it. Aaron Swartz, SOPA